On January 16, 1941, the War Department announced the formation of the 99th Pursuit Squadron, an African-American unit, and of the Tuskegee Institute training program. On March 7, 1942, the first graduating class of the Air Corps Advanced Flying School at Tuskegee Field included Col. (later Gen.) Benjamin O. Davis, Jr., who became the commanding officer of the 99th Fighter Squadron and later the 332d Fighter Group.
The 332d Fighter Group flew more than 3,000 missions in Europe and destroyed almost 300 enemy planes. Eighty-eight of the group's pilots received the Distinguished Flying Cross, proving their test by fire a success and thus earning them the nickname "Tuskegee Airmen."
"Nothing's difficult, everything's a challenge thru adversity, to the stars, to the last plane, to the last bullet, to the last minute, to the last man, WE FIGHT, WE, FIGHT, WE FIGHT." ~ Red Tails Chant
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